the successor of Peter in care for the church universal". Has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered.' 'The college or body of bishops has no authority unless united with the Roman Pontiff, Peter's successor, as its head.' As such, this college has 'supreme and. The fall of Ravenna meant that confirmation by a no longer existent exarch was not asked for during the election in 752 of Pope Stephen II and that the papacy was forced to look elsewhere for a civil power to protect. Accessed 15 November 2014. The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and medical services in the world. 105 At Pentecost, the Apostles are believed to have received the Holy Spirit, preparing them for their mission in leading the church. Eastern Catholic Churches have their own rites.